Within the framework of the project, until the end of 2021, biotechnology will be developed for the integrated restoration of the Arctic coastal zone polluted by oil spills. The technology is based on three components: oil-oxidizing microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, algae), sorbents based on organic and mineral materials, and plant-phytomeliorants.
Specialists from the Murmansk TsSM will create water-oil emulsions based on several types of oil to conduct experiments with oil-oxidizing organisms, sorbents and plants. A laboratory equipped with a “cold room” will allow testing at low temperatures typical of the Arctic.
The plan of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation to clean up the Arctic territories is 91% complete.
The new technology is based on natural self-healing processes in the environment, so it should be a more efficient and environmentally friendly solution compared to existing methods.
The project is funded under the Kolarctic 2014–2020 Cross-Border Cooperation Program. Partners from the Russian side are also the Institute for Problems of Industrial Ecology of the North of the Kola Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, LLC Sturvik Consult. Norway is represented by the University of Tromsø - Arctic University of Norway, Finland - Finnish Environment Institute SYKE.
The results of the work will be available to the scientific community of the three countries, as well as to interested organizations and departments.